Brangus cattle are a cross between two popular beef cattle breeds: Brahman cattle and Angus cattle. While each breed is excellent on their own, the combination results in a superior beef cattle breed.
This is a near-perfect combination for any farming operation.
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Where Does The Brangus Cattle Breed Come From?
The Brangus breed was developed in the 1930s and 1940s in the United States by crossing Angus cattle with Brahman cattle. Both the USDA and private breeders worked on the development of the breed.
Crossbreeding between these two breeds was performed to marry the hardiness of Brahman genetics with the superior carcass qualities of Angus beef in order to produce a new and improved beef cattle breed.
The resulting cross was wildly successful, and Brangus cattle were eventually standardized for optimal performance resulting in 5/8 Angus and 3/8 Brahman blood.
The American Brangus Breeders Association was founded in 1949 and was later renamed the International Brangus Breeders Association as Brangus cattle began to be exported to many countries around the world including Canada, Mexico, Argentina, and Australia.
Brangus cattle do the best in hot and humid climate conditions as offered by the American southwest including Texas, Louisiana, and Oklahoma which boast the highest numbers of Brangus cattle.
Two types of Brangus cattle exist, Black Brangus and Red Brangus. The Red Brangus is undoubtedly the more popular of the two for sub-tropical and tropical climates, and the International Red Brangus Breeder’s Association was created as a regional branch of the IBBA.
The Red Brangus has an easier time dealing with extreme sun as their red hide reflects sunlight, allowing for foraging while Black Brangus and other types of cattle may seek out tanks or shade.
Both Red Brangus and Black Brangus cattle have similar performance in terms of carcass yield and quality. Black Brangus cattle are often preferred in northern and cooler climates.
Brangus Cattle Breed Characteristics
|Official Breed Name||Brangus Cattle|
|Other Names||Hybrid Bos (primigenius) taurus/indicus|
|Scientific Name||Bos taurus|
|Appearance||Solid red or solid black body with skin folds on the neck and belly|
Naturally polled with droopy ears
Dark skin pigmentation and sleek coat
Brangus bulls have a distinctive hump
|Calf Weight||70lbs to 75lbs|
|Mature Cow Weight||1100lbs to 1200lbs|
|Mature Bull Weight||1800lbs to 2000lbs|
|Ready To Breed||14 to 15 months|
|Gestation Period||283 days|
|First Calvings||Around 2 years|
|Time to Slaughter||14 to 18 months|
|Expected Lifespan||15 years|
|Productive Lifespan||12 to 14 years|
|Known For||Hardiness and disease resistance|
Meat marbling and superior carcass
Excellent fertility and easy calving
High-quality milk for calves
|Weaknesses||Tendency to jump fences|
Mothers are aggressive in protecting calves
|Climate||Exceptional performance in hot and humid climates but have the adaptability to cold climates and can grow a coat to keep warm|
What Is So Special About Brangus Cattle?
Brangus cattle are profitable beef cattle offering tender meat that has less excess fat and is usually premium grade.
Up to 85% of Brangus cuts are USDA choice. The size of carcass obtained from Brangus cattle makes it desirable for packers, and consumers want Yield Grade 2, which Brangus cattle offer consistently.
Brangus calves are consistently sold at auction for top prices in national markets and are known for their hybrid vigor while Brangus cows produce excellent milk for their calves, which are weaned at higher weights than most other breeds.
Unlike Angus cows, Brangus cows gain weight in the warmer months and outperform Angus beef in the Warner-Bratzler Shear Force Test, achieving 97% tender rating against 94%.
The excellence of Brangus cows and their superior mothering abilities, milk production, high fertility and calving ease all lead to healthy calves and an ever-growing herd.
Why Should I Raise Brangus Cattle On My Farm?
- Brangus cows are highly fertile and excellent milkers
- Excellent foragers and will easily put on weight eating grain or grass
- Brangus cows have outstanding maternal instincts passed from Brahman cows
- Inherited the hardiness and disease resistance of Brahman cattle
- Excellent temperament is standard in this breed of cattle
- Calves have a higher weaning weight than many other breeds increasing their survivability
- Pigmentation of their skin and coat protect them from sun damage and cancer
- Commercial cattlemen will appreciate the Brangus female as she can produce marketable steers and replacement heifers readily
- Brangus cow herds have uniformity in size at maturity for market
- Great for small farms as Brangus can thrive without specialized conditions and can do well on pasture